Too Much Coolant in Car: The Probable Consequences


Too much of anything is bad, even if it is good. We all agree with this statement, right? Well, know that the case is similar when we talk about too much coolant in car. Although it has so many amazing functions as given below, overfilled coolant reservoir can also be seriously damaging. Let us learn about it in this article.

too much coolant

Function of Coolant

Following are the main functions of coolant in the car:

  1. The primary role of good quality coolant in the vehicle is to protect the engine from overheating. It helps in the process by transferring the heat.
  2. It is a great agent that guards the electrical system of vehicles. It does not let it overheat and prevent the burning of wires in it.
  3. It does the cooling and evaporating all the time. In other words, the expansion and contraction keep going on as the engine heats up and cools down.
  4. When the engine heats up, the antifreeze starts to boil. The heat does not transfer through hot coolant. However, overfill coolant in vehicle can also be damaging, so keep it within limits.
  5. Without a fully functioning cooling agent, the associated compartments of the engine are in danger of damage. They do not overheat and thus stay protected even if your vehicle runs for hours.
  6. The rubber and plastic parts of the engine are also out of danger when there is a cooling agent.
  7. Without a cooling agent, the engine and its components get corrosion hazards.
  8. Rust buildup can also happen when there is a lack of cooling agents in the reservoir.
  9. Other than the engine, it also protects the head gasket, cylinder, piston, and water pump.

Is Too Much Coolant in Car is Bad?

Yes, it is definitely a bad thing to have overfilling coolant in the car. There are so many possible consequences of excess fluid in the automobile. You may notice sweet coolant smell for overfilling. Here we will point out the impacts:

1.      Builds Up Pressure

When the space is not enough for the coolant to expand in the reservoir or tank, it builds pressure. Gradually, this pressure starts to increase, and eventually, the tank cover opens up. The puddle of coolant will come out like lava which could be dangerous.

Also, if you do not allow too much antifreeze to expel out at this point, you could face potential damage inside the engine. The electrical system has wiring, and any contact with coolant could destroy them immediately.

2.      Unfriendly for Animals and Environment

We know that the overflow hose allows the extra and over-pressurized coolant to come out of the tank. This might be good for your vehicle as it gets rid of this coolant which is not of any use. However, it could spill on the ground and become dangerous for both animals and the environment.

3.      Electrical Damage

If you are overfilling coolant in the tank, stop right there. You will damage the electrical system of the engine because the tiny space will not accommodate too much amount. When it comes in touch with wiring, the electrical connection will stop working.

In other words, there will be leakage from the battery, and the headlights will go off or become dim. Other than this, the malfunctioning of brake lights could also happen. If you experience any of these, immediately take the vehicle to an expert mechanical service center. You have to fix it immediately, or it will damage more than expected.

What happens if you overfill coolant?

In every car cooling system, there is an anti-freeze tank. As the name suggests, the purpose of this component is to keep the expansion and contraction of cooling agents within limits. This function helps in protecting the engine and hoses of the tank. The reason behind it is that when the coolant expands during heating or contracts when it cools down, it has enough space to do it. This is to accommodate overflowing coolant. Also, it does not need to try to occupy space because that could result in an explosion or leaking.

Usually, we see that the dipsticks are present in a car engine with at least one maximum level. However, in the case of coolants, two marks talk about two different maximum levels. They are there to gauge precisely is the amount of antifreeze in the engine at a specific temperature.

There are two main marks on the lower side, and two on the upper side. The upper ones show the maximum level during the heating process, while the lower ones show the level when it is cool or contracted.

Moreover, the coolant reservoirs are specially made with extra space inside them for overfilled coolant. The liquid goes out of the engine reservoir through an external hose in many cases. You can also spot a puddle of coolant underside of the vehicle when this happens. This could cause electrical damage to the car engine, especially when this overflow comes in contact with the wiring. So, you have to be very considerate about it, and make sure that this does not happen. You can observe white smoke from exhaust if excess coolant leaks.

FAQ

1.  Can too much coolant cause overheating?

No, this does not happen. However, if the ratio of antifreeze is above the maximum limit compared to coolant, then the engine can overheat.

Excess Coolant

2.  Is overfilled coolant bad?

Well, overfilling coolant reservoir is definitely bad, especially for the engine. The pressure builds up, the electrical system gets damaged, and sometimes serious explosions can also occur. So, always try to keep it within limits given on the tank of the cooling agent.

3.  How much does coolant expand?

Experts say it expands no more than 6 percent of its original volume. This expansive occurs when the engine runs for a long time and starts to heat up.

4.  Why is my radiator full but reservoir empty?

The reason behind the overfilled radiator can be a blown-up head gasket. The gases from combustion must be mixed up with the cooling agent in the tank. Thus, the cooling agent goes into the reservoir. The extra volume goes out through the outflow outlet when it enters into it.

5.  How long does coolant last in a car?

If you are using the silicate coolant, it will last for two years. In miles, you can say it can cover about 30,000 miles for you. However, if you are using the better radiator coolant, it can last for five years or 100,000 miles.

Conclusion

By going through the above information, we are sure that you must be now sure how dangerous this can be. Having too much coolant in car can turn out to be damaging for the engine and electrical system of the vehicle. This means, the car will stop working and it will be of no use. Well, you do not need to do a lot about it. Just staying conscious while filling it, and knowing how to fix overfilled coolant is the key to avoiding damages. We hope that this article is of great help in understanding the problem, and how to cater it if it appears.

Rubel

Mr. Rubel is an Engine Mechanic. He has more than 15 years’ experience on repair and maintenance of different kinds of vehicles. He is also providing training to mechanics and works as a Senior Mechanic of a well-known organization. He is sharing his knowledge to support the car lovers to solve the vehicle issues.

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